Tempo de Leitura: 2 minutos

What is it?

Diet or also known as dietary prescription has long been seen as a diet imposed by doctors for sick patients in hospitals or for individuals who needed to lose weight. In an overview and simpleton, the diet refers to the control of the consumption of beverages and foods for a specific purpose. In nutrition, the term diet is defined more adequately as the set of foods ingested by the individual that can be equipped with specific objectives and meanings, such as: weight loss or gain, hypertrophy or recovery of the nutritional status of the individual.

What’s it for?

They can be done for various purposes, such as caloric restriction whose purpose is typically to reduce body weight. In addition, the foods and nutrients present in them can be run by the nutritionist in order to obtain an outcome as in the hypoprotein diets for patients undergoing conventional treatment who have kidney disease, or diets with restriction in sodium content for hypertensive patients, diets with changes in consistencies for patients who have difficulty swallowing and even diets offered by enteral or parenteral route in the hospital environment.

How does a diet work?

The choice of the best type, schedules, consistency and duration of the diet is made by the nutritionist based on the individual needs and preferences of the patient. In the outpatient setting, some types of diet are popular, such as lowcarb, ketogenic, Mediterranean and intermittent fasting regimen.

When to diet?

In addition to the above-mentioned objectives in the adoption of a specific type of food planning, it is necessary to use healthy eating habits throughout life, from pregnancy to old age, since the role of nutrition in disease prevention is of extreme relevance. Therefore, a healthy lifestyle with the inclusion of a balanced diet is a key point in the search for health.


Cena, H., & Calder, P. C. (2020). Defining a Healthy Diet: Evidence for The Role of Contemporary Dietary Patterns in Health and Disease. Nutrients

, 12

(2), 334.

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are the impacts of the Mediterranean diet on white blood cell count?

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