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What is it?

Nutrition is a biological process in which living organisms use food to extract energy that maintains its vital functions. In addition, in the area of health consists of a field that studies the properties of food, individuals and everything that involves the act of feeding.

What’s it for?

The function of nutrition is in summation the survival of the individual, because the act of eating promotes the normal organic functioning of life.

How does nutrition work?

It is a process that can occur in the oral form, following physiological principles in which food when ingested in the mouth passes through the gastrointestinal tract to have its macro and micronutrients absorbed and thus extract the energy necessary to keep the individual in homeotase. However, there is enteral and parenteral nutrition that is used when the patient is unable to perform oral feeding.

When supplemental in nutrition?

Supplementation depends on the type of nutrition that will be offered to the individual and from their individual needs, such as micronutrient deficiency or inability to achieve macro scare through food. In enteral and parenteral, in turn, protein, lipid and carbohydrate modules can be offered, as well as immunomodulatory supplements that aid in the recovery of the sick patient.


Reading suggestion:
Glutamine: metabolism and immune function

Hellerman Itzhaki, M., & Singer, P. (2020). Advances in Medical Nutrition Therapy: Parenteral Nutrition

. Nutrients

, 12

(3), 717.

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