What is the role of nutrition in atherosclerosis?

Tempo de Leitura: 2 minutos

Atherosclerosis is the main cause of cardiovascular disease resulting in a high mortality rate in the population. It is important to establish that the first strategy to treat atherosclerosis is to modify life habits, focusing on the beneficial properties of specific nutrients. Study all the more direct on nutrition in atherosclerosis in the article below!

Nutrition in atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is one of the most important risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease. Interestingly, in recent years several studies have emphasized the role of various diets, nutrients and bioactive compounds in the mechanisms involved with the processes around the formation of atheroma plaque.

Nutrients such as saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids, among others, are associated with an increase in the development of atherosclerosis. On the other hand, nutrients such as soy, omega-3 fatty acids, various vitamins and polyphenols can reduce or attenuate the appearance of atherochlorotic lesions.

The activity of these compounds is associated with a reduction in inflammatory response, antioxidant activity and has the ability to prevent oxidation of LDL particles, binding molecules, lowering blood pressure, among others. In addition, it has been recently demonstrated that the microbiota can play an important role in the risk of cardiovascular diseases by forming specific metabolites that can directly or indirectly regulate the formation of athertortotic plaques.

Clinical practice

Olive oil, omega 3 fatty acids, antioxidants, minerals and soy, promote protective effect against atherosclerosis. On the other hand, the dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiota associated with the consumption of certain foods of animal origin may generate some metabolites that are involved in the development of atherosclerosis and its consequences in cardiovascular diseases.


Watch the video on Science Play with Rodrigo Manda
: Cardiovascular Risk Assessment

Nutrition and atherosclerosis
– Torres N, Guevara-Cruz M, Velázquez-Villegas LA, Tovar AR. Nutrition and Atherosclerosis. Arch Med Res. 2015;46(5):408-426. doi:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.05.010

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